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Nutrients come in organic and synthetic varieties and are available in both liquid and dry form. Nutrients can be separated into two categories, macro and micro nutrients. The macronutrients are nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur. The micronutrients or trace nutrients include iron, manganese, boron, zinc, copper, molybdenum and chlorine. If the nutrients are […]


High intensity discharge (HID) is the preferred lighting system for a garden room. The two types of HID lighting commonly used are HPS (High Pressure Sodium) and MH (Metal Halide). HPS lamps deliver more of an orange/red spectrum, which is ideal for most plants in the flowering/blooming stage. MH lamps deliver more of a blue/green […]

The Right Environment

Having the right environment is critical for your garden. Key elements to a successful indoor garden room include relative humidity, temperature, CO2 (carbon dioxide) and air circulation. The ideal humidity for a garden room falls between 40% & 60%. Some plants like higher humidity, but know that higher humidity can lead to problems with fungus […]

What is deep-water culture?

These systems involve completely submerging the roots into a highly oxygenized water solution for the entirety of the plants life. This system can produce some of the fastest and highest yielding plants possible because the plants have access to water, nutrients and oxygen all day, every day. However the only draw back is that you […]

What is a run to waste system?

This type of method uses a growing medium that holds some water and moister but also has a lot of space to allow air to reach the roots, which is very important in hydroponics. The water is fed to the plants at times and amounts depending on the needs of the plants. The excess water […]

What are Ebb and Flow systems?

This hydroponics system is very easy and cheap to use. This systems uses a large container or reservoir of water with nutrients positioned below the level of the plants being grown and at intervals the water is pumped into the table above contain the plants. This fills up the flood table and allows the excess […]

What is passive sub irrigation system?

This type of hydroponic system grows the plants in a porous material like clay pebbles, vermiculite, fiberglass, coconut husk and perlite that holds water. These types of medium also allows for air to reach the roots limiting the possibility of root rot. The nutrient water is run through the material to keep it wet and […]

What is an Aeroponics systems?

Aeroponic systems in hydroponics is best used for growing new clones or cuttings. Our store in Gainesville Florida can help you choose the right one. This system uses sprayers to mist the plant roots with nutrient rich water instead of submerging the roots into water. This allows the greatest amount of oxygen contact with the […]

What are gravity fed systems?

Gravity fed systems doesn’t use as much electricity as other systems to circulate the water. The system has a large container positioned higher than the plants and the water runs down through the plumbing to the plants in a controlled way. Hydroponic systems like this one are typically used with a growing container. The water […]